Which country initiated the era of Atlantic Exploration and was an economic powerhouse in the 1400s?

Portugal, the western-most European country, was one of the primary players in the European Age of Discovery and Exploration. Under the leadership of Prince Henry the Navigator, Portugal took the principal role during most of the fifteenth century in searching for a route to Asia by sailing south around Africa.

Which European country Power established the first colonies in the Americas?

The first European countries to begin colonizing the Americas were Spain and Portugal. Spain claimed and settled Mexico, most of Central and South America, several islands in the Caribbean, and what are now Florida, California, and the Southwest region of the United States.

Who spearheaded Portugal’s early exploration of Africa and the Atlantic?

Prince Henry the Navigator spearheaded Portugal’s exploration of Africa and the Atlantic in the 1400s. Portuguese sailors successfully navigated an eastward route to West Africa, where they established a trading foothold.

Which country established the first colonies in the Americas quizlet?

While many European countries established colonies in the Americas, Portugal and Spain were the earliest to do so.

Which country initiated the era of Atlantic exploration quizlet?

Terms in this set (17)

Portugal was the first country that initiated the era of Atlantic exploration.

Which country initiated the era of Atlantic exploration a France B Spain C England D Portugal?

The Age of Exploration began in the nation of Portugal under the leadership of Henry the Navigator. Henry sent out ships to map and explore the west coast of Africa. They went further south than any previous European expedition and mapped much of western Africa for the Portuguese.

Which country established a representative government in Virginia?

In April, 1619, Governor George Yeardley arrived in Virginia from England and announced that the Virginia Company had voted to abolish martial law and create a legislative assembly, known as the General Assembly — the first legislative assembly in the American colonies.

When did Jamestown begin?

In 1607, 104 English men and boys arrived in North America to start a settlement. On May 13 they picked Jamestown, Virginia for their settlement, which was named after their King, James I. The settlement became the first permanent English settlement in North America.

What was the first European colony established in North America?

Even before Jamestown or the Plymouth Colony, the oldest permanent European settlement in what is now the United States was founded in September 1565 by a Spanish soldier named Pedro Menéndez de Avilés in St. Augustine, Florida.

Who introduced representative democracy?

The Roman Republic was the first known state in the western world to have a representative government, despite taking the form of a direct government in the Roman assemblies.

Who founded Rhode Island?

Roger Williams
The Narragansett welcomed Roger Williams, a refugee from Massachusetts Bay Colony, and sold him the land to found Providence in 1636. Williams, a pioneer of religious liberty, believed in the separation of church and state and had been banished from Massachusetts for his beliefs.

Who started the first representative government in North America?

The creation of the House of Burgesses, along with other progressive measures, made Sir George Yeardley exceptionally popular among the colonists, and he served two terms as Virginia governor.

Which country is example of Republic?

Each of the U.S. states is guaranteed a “Republican form of Government” by the United States Constitution. The Soviet Union is another example of sub-sovereign republics. The 15 individual nations under Soviet influence were considered a group of “Soviet Socialist Republics.”

Republic Countries 2021.
Country 2021 Population
Dominica 72,167

Which countries have representative democracy?

Some examples of countries which practice representative democracy are the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Russia, Germany, South Africa, Brazil, India, Japan, the Philippines, Canada, France, Turkey, Argentina, Tanzania, Mexico, Senegal and China among many others.

When was the first representative democracy in America?

The meeting of the first General Assembly, which took place from July 30 through August 4, 1619, in the church in Jamestown, VA, formed the basis of today’s representative system of government in the United States of America.

Is USA is a republic country?

While often categorized as a democracy, the United States is more accurately defined as a constitutional federal republic. A “republic” is a form of government in which the people hold power, but elect representatives to exercise that power. …

What is the first democratic country?

Although ancient Greece is the beginning of democracy, in recent decades scholars have explored the possibility that advancements toward democratic government occurred elsewhere first, as the appearance of the earliest civilizations in Neolithic Greece, Egypt and the Near East came long before Greece developed its …

Which Caribbean countries are republics?

Countries and territories
Country or territory Sovereignty Status
Dominican Republic Independent Republic
Haiti Independent Republic
Puerto Rico United States Commonwealth
United States Virgin Islands United States Territory

Is UK a republic?

The United Kingdom is a unitary state with devolution that is governed within the framework of a parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarchy in which the monarch, currently Queen Elizabeth II, is the head of state while the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, currently Boris Johnson, is the head of …

What is the capital of America?

United States/Capitals
Since the U.S. Congress was established by the Constitution in 1789, it has convened in three locations: New York, Philadelphia, and its permanent home in Washington, D.C.

Is Australia a republic?

Some examples are democracy, communism, dictatorship, monarchy and republic. Australia has a mixed system of government; it is a representative democracy and a constitutional monarchy .