Which statements describe the six elements found in all living things?
All living things have six basic elements in common: carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur, abbreviated as CHNOPS. Each element has properties that make it crucial to the building of biomolecules, both in their capacities for bonding to other elements and in the bonds themselves.
What are genetic materials?
Genes are made up of DNA. Some genes act as instructions to make molecules called proteins. However, many genes do not code for proteins. In humans, genes vary in size from a few hundred DNA bases to more than 2 million bases.
What are the four properties of genetic material?
- It must be stable.
- It must be capable of being expressed when needed.
- It must be capable of accurate replication.
- It must be transmitted from parent to progeny without change.
What are examples of genetic material?
DNA, RNA, and genes are the three types of genetic material. During reproduction, the genetic information is passed from one generation to another. It may be through sexual or asexual means.
How is genetic material made?
DNA is made of chemical building blocks called nucleotides. These building blocks are made of three parts: a phosphate group, a sugar group and one of four types of nitrogen bases. To form a strand of DNA, nucleotides are linked into chains, with the phosphate and sugar groups alternating.
How do you identify genetic material?
The researchers used different radioactive elements to label the DNA and proteins in viruses. This allowed them to identify which molecule the viruses inserted into bacteria. DNA was the molecule they identified. This confirmed that DNA is the genetic material.