Which of the following is a passive process?

The correct answer is (d) diffusion. Passive processes move substances into or out of a cell without requiring energy input.

Is oxygen diffusion a passive process?

Oxygen is diffusing from the air inside the alveoli within the lungs into the erythrocytes and blood plasma. Diffusion is a type of passive transport, where molecules move from high concentration to low concentration. This means that the concentration of oxygen in the air must be higher than it is in the blood.

Is filtration a passive process?

Passive transport is a type of membrane transport that does not require energy to move substances across cell membranes. … The four main kinds of passive transport are simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, filtration, and/or osmosis.

Why is filtration a passive process?

Filtration is another passive process of moving material through a cell membrane. While diffusion and osmosis rely on concentration gradients, filtration uses a pressure gradient. Molecules will move from an area of higher pressure to an area of lower pressure. Filtration is non-specific.

What are the 3 types of passive transport?

There are three main types of passive transport:
  • Simple diffusion – movement of small or lipophilic molecules (e.g. O2, CO2, etc.)
  • Osmosis – movement of water molecules (dependent on solute concentrations)
  • Facilitated diffusion – movement of large or charged molecules via membrane proteins (e.g. ions, sucrose, etc.)

Is osmosis a passive process?

Both diffusion and osmosis are passive transport processes, which means they do not require any input of extra energy to occur. In both diffusion and osmosis, particles move from an area of higher concentration to one of lower concentration.

Is diffusion active or passive?

There are two major ways that molecules can be moved across a membrane, and the distinction has to do with whether or not cell energy is used. Passive mechanisms like diffusion use no energy, while active transport requires energy to get done.

Is exocytosis active or passive?

Endocytosis and exocytosis are the bulk transport mechanisms used in eukaryotes. As these transport processes require energy, they are known as active transport processes.

Is phagocytosis active or passive?

Table 1. Methods of Transport, Energy Requirements, and Types of Material Transported
Transport Method Active/Passive
Phagocytosis Active
Pinocytosis and potocytosis Active
Receptor-mediated endocytosis Active

What are some examples of passive transport?

Examples of Passive Transport
  • simple diffusion.
  • facilitated diffusion.
  • filtration.
  • osmosis.

What are examples of passive diffusion?

Osmosis. One of the best examples of passive diffusion is osmosis. Essentially, osmosis refers to the movement of a solvent (e.g. water) from an area of low solute concentration to the area of higher solute concentration through a membrane.

Is osmosis passive or active transport?

Osmosis is a form of passive transport when water molecules move from low solute concentration(high water concentration) to high solute or low water concentration across a membrane that is not permeable to the solute. There is a form of passive transport called facilitated diffusion.

What are the 5 types of passive transport?

Types Of Passive Transport
  • Simple Diffusion.
  • Facilitated Diffusion.
  • Filtration.
  • Osmosis.

What are the 3 types of active transport?

Carrier Proteins for Active Transport

There are three types of these proteins or transporters: uniporters, symporters, and antiporters . A uniporter carries one specific ion or molecule. A symporter carries two different ions or molecules, both in the same direction.

What are some examples of active and passive transport?

Examples of active transport include sodium-potassium pump, uptake of mineral ions by the roots of the plants, etc. Whereas, the examples of passive transport include the exchange of gases in the alveoli of the lungs and the exchange of nutrients in the kidneys.

What are the 4 types of cell transport?

Cell transport can be classified as follows:
  • Passive Transport which includes. Simple Diffusion. Osmosis. Facilitated Diffusion.
  • Active Transport can involve either a pump or a vesicle. Pump Transport can be. primary. secondary. Vesicle Transport can involve. Exocytosis. Endocytosis which includes. Pinocytosis. Phagocytosis.

What are the 4 types of membrane transport?

Particles move across membranes by simple diffusion, facilitated diffusion, osmosis and active transport.

Which factor is not affecting passive diffusion?

The factor that does not affect the rate of diffusion are the electrical charges of the diffusion particles.