Which is true about diabetes mellitus?
Diabetes mellitus is a disorder in which the body does not produce enough or respond normally to insulin, causing blood sugar (glucose) levels to be abnormally high. Urination and thirst are increased, and people may lose weight even if they are not trying to.
Which of the following is the best definition of diabetes?
Diabetes is a disease that occurs when your blood glucose, also called blood sugar, is too high. Blood glucose is your main source of energy and comes from the food you eat. Insulin, a hormone made by the pancreas, helps glucose from food get into your cells to be used for energy.
Which is true about type 1 diabetes?
People with type 1 diabetes do not produce insulin, a hormone that helps carry glucose (sugar) from the blood into the body’s cells for energy. T1D is an autoimmune disorder in which the pancreas produces little to no insulin. Insulin injections are needed to control blood sugar in T1D.
Which of the following can result from diabetes?
Potential complications of diabetes and frequent comorbidities include: Heart and blood vessel disease. Diabetes is associated with an increased risk of heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure and narrowing of blood vessels (atherosclerosis). Nerve damage (neuropathy) in limbs.
What is an interesting fact about diabetes?
More than 34 million people in the United States have diabetes, and 1 in 5 of them don’t know they have it. More than 88 million US adults—over a third—have prediabetes, and more than 84% of them don’t know they have it. Diabetes is the 7th leading cause of death in the United States (and may be underreported).
What is diabetes easy explanation?
Diabetes is a chronic (long-lasting) health condition that affects how your body turns food into energy. Most of the food you eat is broken down into sugar (also called glucose) and released into your bloodstream. When your blood sugar goes up, it signals your pancreas to release insulin.
What is the real cause of diabetes?
Diabetes is a chronic disease that occurs because the body is unable to use blood sugar (glucose) properly. The exact cause of this malfunction is unknown, but genetic and environmental factors play a part. Risk factors for diabetes include obesity and high levels of cholesterol.
What is the main cause of diabetes?
Although not everyone with type 2 diabetes is overweight, obesity and an inactive lifestyle are two of the most common causes of type 2 diabetes. These things are responsible for about 90% to 95% of diabetes cases in the United States.
Which of the following is a true statement about Glucagon?
Answer − C – The statement that is true about glucagon is that it elevates blood glucose levels. This is the major role of glucagon in the body, as with insulin secretion decreasing blood glucose levels in the blood, glucagon has the opposite effect of insulin to maintain homeostasis.
How are diabetes diagnosed?
Diabetes is diagnosed and managed by checking your glucose level in a blood test. There are three tests that can measure your blood glucose level: fasting glucose test, random glucose test and A1c test.