Which statement describes a feature of the IP protocol MAC addresses are used during the IP packet encapsulation?

IP encapsulation is modified based on network media. IP relies on Layer 2 protocols for transmission error control. MAC addresses are used during the IP packet encapsulation. IP relies on upper layer services to handle situations of missing or out-of-order packets.

What is the function of the IP protocol?

The Internet Protocol (IP) is the principal communications protocol in the Internet protocol suite for relaying datagrams across network boundaries. Its routing function enables internet working, and essentially establishes the Internet.

What are the basic properties of the IP protocol?

What is a basic characteristic of the IP protocol?
  • connectionless.
  • media dependent.
  • user data segmentation.
  • reliable end-to-end delivery. Answers Explanation & Hints:

What field is in the IPv4 header?

The IPv4 header is variable in size due to the optional 14th field (options). The IHL field contains the size of the IPv4 header, it has 4 bits that specify the number of 32-bit words in the header. The minimum value for this field is 5, which indicates a length of 5 × 32 bits = 160 bits = 20 bytes.

What are the two main functions of IP protocol?

An IP address serves two main functions: network interface identification and location addressing.

What are the five main functions of protocols?

For that reason we begin this chapter with this protocol function.
  • Confirmations. When an entity sends off a PDU, it wants to know whether it reached the receiver entity. …
  • Timers. Acknowledgements can also get lost. …
  • PDU loss and duplication. …
  • Go back N. …
  • Forward error control.

What is in an IP header?

The header contains the source address and the destination address. IP uses an Internet datagram that contains information similar to the physical frame. The datagram also has a header containing Internet Protocol addresses of both source and destination of the data.

Which field of the IP protocol header will provide the information about the priority of the packet?

Traffic Class (8-bits): The Traffic Class field indicates class or priority of IPv6 packet which is similar to Service Field in IPv4 packet. It helps routers to handle the traffic based on the priority of the packet.

What is the function of the protocol field in an IPv4 header quizlet?

What is the function of the protocol field in an IPv4 header? Indicates the protocol type of the payload. This would typically be TCP or UDP but could be something else (ICMP or GRE for instance).

What is protocol header?

The part of a datagram which contains information that is essential to the correct transfer of the datagram from one computer to another. For example, in TCP-IP it contains the Internet Protocol Address of the destination computer. From: protocol header in A Dictionary of the Internet »

What is the role of header in a protocol?

The header contains protocol information relevant to that layer, while the body contains the data for that layer which often consists of a whole packet from the next layer in the stack. … At each layer, the packet contains all of the information passed from the higher layer; nothing is lost.

Which best describes the Transmission Control Protocol Internet Protocol?

TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol and is a suite of communication protocols used to interconnect network devices on the internet. TCP/IP is also used as a communications protocol in a private computer network (an intranet or extranet).

How many IP addresses are in the header of an IP packet?

A diagram of an IP packet. The header is 24 bytes long and contains 15 fields, including 4 bytes for source IP address and 4 bytes for destination IP address.

Which layer uses IP addresses in the header?

The Internet Layer of the TCP/IP model aligns with the Layer 3 (Network) layer of the OSI model. This is where IP addresses and routing live. When data is transmitted from a node on one LAN to a node on a different LAN, the Internet Layer is used.

What does IP stand for in IP address?

Internet Protocol
An IP address is a unique address that identifies a device on the internet or a local network. IP stands for “Internet Protocol,” which is the set of rules governing the format of data sent via the internet or local network.

Which statement is correct about network protocols?

Network protocols define the type of hardware that is used and how it is mounted in racks. They define how messages are exchanged between the source and the destination. They all function in the network access layer of TCP/IP. They are only required for exchange of messages between devices on remote networks.

What is Transmission Control Protocol Internet Protocol TCP IP quizlet?

Leam_McArdle. TCP/IP stands for Transmission Control Protocol / Internet Protocol. It defines how electronic devices (like computers) should be connected over the Internet, and how data should be transmitted between them.

What is IP address Tutorialspoint?

Difference between IP Address and MAC Address
Sr. No. Key IP Address
2 Size IP address is a 4 bytes, IPv4 or 6 bytes, IPv6 address.
3 Address retrival IP address of a device is figured out using RARP protocol.
4 Provider Internet Service Provider, ISP provides the IP Address.
5 Address Type IP Address is a logical address.
Jan 6, 2020

What is an IP address explain its different types with examples?

Type of IP Address Description
Private IP A private IP address is a unique IP number assigned to every device that connects to your home internet network.
Dynamic IP Dynamic IP addresses always keep changing. It is temporary and are allocated to a device every time it connects to the web.
Dec 18, 2021

What layer in the Transmission Control Protocol Internet Protocol TCP IP model does IP use quizlet?

At which layer of the OSI model does IP addressing take place? At the Network layer (layer 3), the Internet Protocol (IP) provides logical host and network addressing and routing.