What is the relationship between enzymes and substrates quizlet?
What is the relationship between enzymes substrates and products?
An enzyme attracts substrates to its active site, catalyzes the chemical reaction by which products are formed, and then allows the products to dissociate (separate from the enzyme surface). The combination formed by an enzyme and its substrates is called the enzyme–substrate complex.
Which statement best explains why enzymes are substrate specific?
How does a catalyst influence a chemical reaction Edgenuity?
How do enzymes act on substrates?
The molecules that an enzyme works with are called substrates. The substrates bind to a region on the enzyme called the active site. … The chemical reactions result in a new product or molecule that then separates from the enzyme, which goes on to catalyze other reactions.
What are substrates in enzymes?
To catalyze a reaction, an enzyme will grab on (bind) to one or more reactant molecules. These molecules are the enzyme’s substrates. … The part of the enzyme where the substrate binds is called the active site (since that’s where the catalytic “action” happens). A substrate enters the active site of the enzyme.
Which statement best illustrates a biotic or an abiotic factor that is often found in a city park quizlet?
Which statement describes one way that RNA differs from DNA quizlet?
Which statement describes one way RNA differs from DNA? They contain diffrent five-carbon sugars and a diffrent nitrogenous base.
Which compound is affected when a catalyst is added to a chemical reaction?
The catalyst lowers the energy of the transition state for the reaction. Since the activation energy is the difference between the transition state energy and the reactant energy, lowering the transition state energy also lowers the activation energy.
Which statement describes the element he is studying quizlet?
Which statement describes the element he is studying? He is studying oxygen, which can also be found in proteins.
What occurs when a catalyst is added to a chemical reaction quizlet?
Adding a catalyst increases the rate of reaction, but it itself is not used up in the reaction. Catalyst speed up the reaction by lowering the activation energy or providing an alternative pathway for the reacting particles.
Which characteristic of life best describes the process of?
homeostasisThe characteristic of life that best describes the process of homeostasis is that living things adapt to their environment.
Which statement best describes the components of nucleic acids quizlet?
Which statement best describes the components of nucleic acids? They are made up of chains of amino acids. They are made up of carbon, hydrogen, and oxygen only.
Which statement correctly describes glucose?
Which statement correctly describes glucose (C6H12O6)? It is a compound made of twenty-four total atoms of three different elements.
Which statement describes the six elements found in all living things?
Carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and phosphorus are all involved in creating genetic material. Proteins are created by carbon, oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and sulfur. Elements can combine to form all the substances found on Earth.
Which statement best describes a compound of nucleic acids?
Which statement best describes the components of nucleic acids? D. They are made up of nitrogen bases, sugars, and phosphates.
How are proteins and nucleic acids related?
The sequence of the codons in nucleic acids determines the sequence of amino acids in a protein. Each codon is composed of three nucleotides (nitrogen bases), and codes for a particular amino acid (or stop codon). The sequence of amino acids determines the structure of a protein, which determines its function.
How are proteins and nucleic acids related quizlet?
What is the relationship between proteins and nucleic acids? Proteins are polymers of amino acids that are assembled based on genetic information in nucleic acids. What is the relationship between a polymer and monomer? A polymer is a large molecule made up of smaller units called monomers, which are linked together.
Which of the following statements best describes the difference between DNA and RNA?
Which best describes the difference between DNA and RNA? DNA contains deoxyribose sugar and RNA contains ribose sugar. What is a difference between saturated and unsaturated fats?
Which of the following best describe how DNA and RNA are similar?
Both DNA and RNA have four nitrogenous bases each—three of which they share (Cytosine, Adenine, and Guanine) and one that differs between the two (RNA has Uracil while DNA has Thymine). … One of the most significant similarities between DNA and RNA is that they both have a phosphate backbone to which the bases attach.
What best describes the defining feature of nucleic acids?
What is the defining feature of nucleic acids? They contain one or more nitrogenous bases, pentose sugars, and phosphates.
Which of the following statements is not a difference between DNA and RNA?
The correct answer is: (c) DNA contains alternating sugar-phosphate molecules whereas RNA does not contain sugars.