Which nation was ruled by a military junta A?

Military rule in Myanmar (also known as Burma) lasted from 1962 to 2011 and resumed in 2021. Myanmar gained its independence from the British Empire in 1948 under the Burmese Independence Army, as a democratic nation.

What is a military junta government?

A military junta (/ˈhʊntə, ˈdʒʌn-/) is a government led by a committee of military leaders. The term junta means “meeting” or “committee” and originated in the national and local junta organized by the Spanish resistance to Napoleon’s invasion of Spain in 1808. … A junta often comes to power as a result of a coup d’état.

What is an example of a junta?

Greece, Chile, Mauritania, Guatemala, Brazil, South Vietnam, and El Salvador are examples of countries that were once ruled by juntas. The most famous junta nowadays is that of Myanmar, but Myanmar is not the only country that is ruled by a junta now, Thailand is another example.

What did the junta do?

The junta, calling itself the National Reorganization Process, organized and carried out strong repression of political dissidents (or perceived as such) through the government’s military and security forces.

What is the meaning of junta?

Definition of junta

1 : a council or committee for political or governmental purposes especially : a group of persons controlling a government especially after a revolutionary seizure of power a military junta.

When was the junta in Greece?

Coup d’état of 21 April
Date 21 April 1967
Location Athens, Greece
Result Military success Establishment of the Regime of the Colonels

What was the junta in Argentina?

The 1976 Argentine coup d’état was a right-wing coup that overthrew Isabel Perón as President of Argentina on 24 March 1976. A military junta was installed to replace her; this was headed by Lieutenant General Jorge Rafael Videla, Admiral Emilio Eduardo Massera and Brigadier-General Orlando Ramón Agosti.

What is the origin of the word junta?

Junta is pronounced with an initial h sound, which gives you a clue to its origins. It’s from the Spanish junta, for a military or political group ruling the country after it has been taken over. Spanish got junta from the Latin jungere, to join.

What type of military did ancient Greece have?

The ancient Greek city-states developed a military formation called the phalanx, which were rows of shoulder-to-shoulder hoplites. The Hoplites would lock their shields together, and the first few ranks of soldiers would project their spears out over the first rank of shields.

Was Athens a dictatorship?

Greek democracy created at Athens was direct, rather than representative: any adult male citizen over the age of 20 could take part, and it was a duty to do so. The officials of the democracy were in part elected by the Assembly and in large part chosen by lottery in a process called sortition.

How was oligarchy practiced in Greece?

How was Oligarchy government practiced in ancient Greece? Political decisions were made by aristocrats and selected members of middle class… Citizens had very little say in how city-state was run. … Support from middle class, tryants seized power to reform laws, aid the poor, and cancel debts.

What is Parthenon Athens Greece?

Parthenon, temple that dominates the hill of the Acropolis at Athens. It was built in the mid-5th century bce and dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena Parthenos (“Athena the Virgin”).

Are the Spartans Greek?

Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia. … The Helots, whose name means “captives,” were fellow Greeks, originally from Laconia and Messenia, who had been conquered by the Spartans and turned into slaves.

What is the Greek army called?

Hellenic Army
The Hellenic Army (Greek: Ελληνικός Στρατός, romanized: Ellinikós Stratós, sometimes abbreviated as ΕΣ), formed in 1828, is the land force of Greece. The term Hellenic is the endogenous synonym for Greek.

Is Parthenon Greek or Roman?

The Parthenon is a resplendent marble temple built between 447 and 432 B.C. during the height of the ancient Greek Empire. Dedicated to the Greek goddess Athena, the Parthenon sits high atop a compound of temples known as the Acropolis of Athens.

Who bombed the Parthenon?

Who bombed it? Who destroyed the Parthenon? In 1687, during the siege of the Acropolis by the troops of Venetian general Francesco Morosini a cannoball made a direct hit in the interior of the temple, which the Turks used as powder magazine.

What Macedonian king unified all of Greece?

Philip II
Philip II, byname Philip of Macedon, (born 382 bce—died 336, Aegae [now Vergina, Greece]), 18th king of Macedonia (359–336 bce), who restored internal peace to his country and by 339 had gained domination over all of Greece by military and diplomatic means, thus laying the foundations for its expansion under his son …

Who was first Roman or Greek?

Ancient history includes the recorded Greek history beginning in about 776 BCE (First Olympiad). This coincides roughly with the traditional date of the founding of Rome in 753 BCE and the beginning of the history of Rome.

Are Greece and Rome the same?

Both Greece and Rome are Mediterranean countries, similar enough latitudinally for both to grow wine and olives. However, their terrains were quite different. The ancient Greek city-states were separated from each other by hilly countryside and all were near the water.