What are the 6 simple carbohydrates?

These single sugar molecules contain 6 carbon atoms, 12 hydrogen atoms and 6 oxygen atoms (i.e. chemical formula as C6H12O6).

Simple Carbohydrates (Sugars)
Monosaccharides Disaccharides
Glucose Sucrose (glucose + fructose)
Fructose Lactose (glucose + galactose)
Galactose Maltose (glucose + glucose)

What is the most simple carbohydrate?

Monosaccharides. Monosaccharides are the simplest carbs, in that your body cannot break them down further. This allows your body to absorb them quickly and easily, with the exception of fructose.

What are 10 simple carbohydrates?

Simple carbohydrates
  • candy.
  • sugary drinks.
  • syrups.
  • table sugar.
  • fruit juice concentrate.
  • products with added sugar, such as baked goods or some cereals.

What are the 3 types of carbohydrates?

There are three main types of carbohydrates:
  • Sugars. They are also called simple carbohydrates because they are in the most basic form. …
  • Starches. They are complex carbohydrates, which are made of lots of simple sugars strung together. …
  • Fiber. It is also a complex carbohydrate.

What are the 5 types of carbohydrates?

They are normally broken down into five major classifications of carbohydrates:
  • Monosaccharides.
  • Disaccharides.
  • Oligosaccharides.
  • Polysaccharides.
  • Nucleotides.

Are starches simple carbohydrates?

Starches are complex carbohydrates. Many starches (but not all) fit this category. They provide vitamins and minerals. It takes your body longer to break down complex carbohydrates.

Is an apple a simple carbohydrate?

Examples of low glycemic foods that are complex carbohydrates include: Most fruits and vegetables like apples, oranges, strawberries, kiwis, Vegetables: such as carrots, broccoli, sweet potatoes, and leafy greens Legumes: such as beans, lentils, chickpeas, Rice: such as brown rice, quinoa, buckwheat, Grains: such as …

What are some examples of simple sugars?

The two main forms of carbs are: simple carbohydrates (or simple sugars): including fructose, glucose, and lactose, which also are found in nutritious whole fruits.

Are disaccharides simple carbohydrates?

Simple carbohydrates include monosaccharides and disaccharides. The monosaccharides glucose, fructose, and galactose are single sugar molecules. The disaccharides sucrose, lactose, and maltose are double sugar molecules. Complex carbohydrates are chains of more than two sugar molecules.

Is glucose a simple carbohydrate?

Simple carbohydrates:

These carbohydrates are composed of sugars (such as fructose and glucose) which have simple chemical structures composed of only one sugar (monosaccharides) or two sugars (disaccharides).

Which carbohydrate is a disaccharide?

Disaccharides are comprised of two monosaccharides bonded together. The three naturally occurring disaccharides in human nutrition are sucrose (glucose bonded to fructose), lactose (glucose bonded to galactose), maltose (glucose bonded to glucose).

What is a carbohydrate simple definition?

A carbohydrate is a naturally occurring compound, or a derivative of such a compound, with the general chemical formula Cx(H2O)y, made up of molecules of carbon (C), hydrogen (H), and oxygen (O). Carbohydrates are the most widespread organic substances and play a vital role in all life.

Is polysaccharide a simple sugar?

Monosaccharides are simple sugar unit molecules, whereas polysaccharides are enormous, linking thousands of sugar units. Monosaccharides provide cells with short-term energy.

What are 5 examples of disaccharides?

Sucrose, maltose, and lactose are the most familiar disaccharides, but there are others.
  • Sucrose (saccharose) glucose + fructose. Sucrose is table sugar. …
  • Maltose. glucose + glucose. Maltose is a sugar found in some cereals and candies. …
  • Lactose. galactose + glucose. …
  • Cellobiose. glucose + glucose.

Which of the following are disaccharide?

Disaccharides
Disaccharide Common name Monosaccharides
Sucrose Table sugar Glucose-fructose
Lactose Milk sugar Galactose-glucose
Maltose Malt sugar Glucose-glucose
Isomaltose Glucose-glucose

What are examples of disaccharides?

The three major disaccharides are sucrose, lactose, and maltose. Sucrose, which is formed following photosynthesis in green plants, consists of one molecule of glucose and one of fructose bonded via an α-,β-linkage.

Which is a carbohydrate Monomer?

Monosaccharides. A monosaccharide is the monomer of a carbohydrate. Carbohydrates, such as sugars and starches, store energy.