What are the 3 reservoirs of infection?

Reservoirs include humans, animals, and the environment.

What are reservoirs give 5 examples of reservoirs?

Reservoir Infection
Human Respiratory tract Influenza viruses
Gastrointestinal tract Hepatitis A, salmonella
Reproductive tract Gonorrhea, Herpes virus, Hepatitis B
Animal Rodents Typhus, Q fever

What is the most common reservoir of infection?

Common reservoirs for infectious agents include humans, animals or insects and the environment.

Is water a reservoir of infection?

Hospital water may serve as a reservoir of healthcare-associated pathogens, and contaminated water can lead to outbreaks and severe infections. The clinical features of waterborne outbreaks and infections as well as prevention strategies and control measures are reviewed.

What are the types of reservoir?

There are three main types of reservoirs; valley-dammed reservoirs, bank-side reservoirs, and service reservoirs. Valley-dammed reservoirs are created in valleys between mountains. Usually, there is an existing lake or body of water.

What are examples of a reservoir?

Examples of reservoirs are standing water, a person with a common cold or syphilis, or a dog with rabies. Mode of Transmission. Since microorganisms cannot travel on their own, they require a vehicle to carry them to other persons and places.

Which of the following are examples of a reservoir in the infection cycle?

The infectious agent depends on the reservoir for survival, where it can reproduce itself in such manner that it can be transmitted to a susceptible host. Animate reservoirs include people, insects, birds, and other animals. Inanimate reservoirs include soil, water, food, feces, intravenous fluid, and equipment.

What is an environmental reservoir?

Environmental reservoirs include living and non-living reservoirs that harbor infectious pathogens outside the bodies of animals. These reservoirs may exist on land (plants and soil), in water, or in the air. Pathogens found in these reservoirs are sometimes free-living.

What are the 4 routes of transmission?

Routes of transmission
  • Direct Contact Transmission. Direct contact transmission occurs through direct body contact with the tissues or fluids of an infected individual. …
  • Fomite Transmission. …
  • Aerosol (Airborne) Transmission. …
  • Oral (Ingestion) Transmission. …
  • Vector-Borne Transmission. …
  • Zoonotic Transmission.

What are the 6 modes of transmission?

The modes (means) of transmission are: Contact (direct and/or indirect), Droplet, Airborne, Vector and Common Vehicle.

Which of the following is the best example of an infectious disease reservoir?

The reservoir for a disease is the site where the infectious agent survives. For example, humans are the reservoir for the measles virus because it does not infect other organisms. Animals often serve as reservoirs for diseases that infect humans.

What are the 6 steps in the chain of infection?

The six links include: the infectious agent, reservoir, portal of exit, mode of transmission, portal of entry, and susceptible host. The way to stop germs from spreading is by interrupting this chain at any link.

What are 5 ways infectious diseases can be spread?

5 Common Ways Germs are Spread
  • Nose, mouth, or eyes to hands to others: Germs can spread to the hands by sneezing, coughing, or rubbing the eyes and then can be transferred to other family members or friends. …
  • Hands to food: …
  • Food to hands to food: …
  • Infected child to hands to other children: …
  • Animals to people:

What are the stages of infection?

There are five stages of infection: incubation. prodromal. illness.

In general, people who have an active infection may experience:
  • fever.
  • fatigue.
  • headache.
  • muscle aches.
  • swollen lymph nodes.

What are modes of transmission?

The term modes of transmission refer to how an infectious agent, also called a pathogen, can be transferred from one person, object, or animal, to another. Viruses, bacteria, parasites, or fungi can spread infectious diseases.

What are the 4 types of infectious diseases?

The four different categories of infectious agents are bacteria, viruses, fungi, and parasites.

Common Viruses
  • Common cold.
  • Norovirus.
  • Stomach flu.
  • Hepatitis.

What are the 4 types of infections?

This article will focus on the most common and deadly types of infection: bacterial, viral, fungal, and prion.

How are infections spread?

Infectious diseases commonly spread through the direct transfer of bacteria, viruses or other germs from one person to another. This can happen when an individual with the bacterium or virus touches, kisses, or coughs or sneezes on someone who isn’t infected.

What are the 5 major types of infectious agents?

The five main types of infectious agents are bacteria, protozoa, viruses, parasitic worms, and fungi. RNA, and sometimes fatty molecules known as lipids.