Which of the best describes osteocyte?

osteocyte, a cell that lies within the substance of fully formed bone. It occupies a small chamber called a lacuna, which is contained in the calcified matrix of bone. Osteocytes derive from osteoblasts, or bone-forming cells, and are essentially osteoblasts surrounded by the products they secreted.

What is an osteocyte?

Osteocytes are the longest living bone cell, making up 90–95% of cells in bone tissue in contrast to osteoclasts and osteoblasts making up ~5% (40). Osteocytes form when osteoblasts become buried in the mineral matrix of bone and develop distinct features.

In which of the following are osteocytes located?

Compact Bone

Between the rings of matrix, the bone cells (osteocytes) are located in spaces called lacunae. Small channels (canaliculi) radiate from the lacunae to the osteonic (haversian) canal to provide passageways through the hard matrix.

What does the osteocyte look like?

Osteocytes. … A mature osteocyte is defined as a cell surrounded by mineralized bone, and is described as a stellate or star-shaped cell with a large number of slender, cytoplasmic processes radiating in all directions, but generally perpendicular to the bone surface.

How do osteocytes osteoblasts and osteoclasts work together?

OSTEOCYTES are cells inside the bone. They also come from osteoblasts. Some of the osteoblasts turn into osteocytes while the new bone is being formed, and the osteocytes then get surrounded by new bone. … These cells can sense pressures or breaks in the bone and help to direct where osteoclasts will dissolve the bone.

Do osteocytes have lysosomes?

Under the electron microscope, there were a few lysosomes, mitochondria, and rough endoplasmic reticulum in the cytoplasm, and the Golgi complex was also underdeveloped. … Therefore, osteocytes form an extensive connecting syncytium network via small cytoplasmic/dendritic processes in canaliculi.

What do osteocytes do in bone remodeling?

Bone remodeling has important roles in the functions of bone tissues, such as supporting the body and mineral storage. Osteocytes, which are the most abundant cells in bone tissues, detect the mechanical loading and regulate both bone formation by osteoblasts and bone resorption by osteoclasts.

What is the main function of an Osteocyte?

These are 1) osteocytes are actively involved in bone turnover; 2) the osteocyte network is through its large cell-matrix contact surface involved in ion exchange; and 3) osteocytes are the mechanosensory cells of bone and play a pivotal role in functional adaptation of bone.

What organelles are in an Osteocyte?

Osteocytes, also known as bone cells, have all the organelles found in other eukaryotic cells, such as a nucleus, mitochondria, cell membrane and endoplasmic reticulum. They have only one nucleus.

Do osteocytes produce OPG?

Osteocytes also secrete OPG, which competes with RANKL for its receptor RANK on osteoclast precursors. In osteocytes, as in osteoblasts, OPG secretion is regulated by the Wnt/β-catenin pathway and mice lacking β-catenin in osteocytes are osteoporotic due to increased osteoclast numbers and bone resorption (9).

How osteocytes get nutrients?

Osteocytes receive nutrients and eliminate wastes through blood vessels in the compact bone. … Nutrients leave the blood vessels of the central canals and diffuse to the osteocytes through the canaliculi. Waste products diffuse in the opposite direction.

What canal connects osteocytes?

Haversian canals
The Haversian canals surround blood vessels and nerve cells throughout bones and communicate with osteocytes (contained in spaces within the dense bone matrix called lacunae) through connections called canaliculi.

Are osteocytes mature or immature cells?

When the area surrounding an osteoblast calcifies, the osteoblast becomes trapped and transforms into an osteocyte, the most common and mature type of bone cell.

Are osteocytes good?

Tears in tiny bone cells called osteocytes appear an important step to better bones. … Osteocytes manage the osteoblasts that make bone as well as the osteoclasts that break bone down and were known to sense mechanical loading, but just how they sensed load was unknown.

How do osteocytes create Osteons?

The process of the formation of osteons and their accompanying Haversian canals begins when immature woven bone and primary osteons are destroyed by large cells called osteoclasts, which hollow out a channel through the bone, usually following existing blood vessels.

Are osteoclasts immature?

Bone is specialized connective tissue with a calcified extracellular matrix (bone matrix) and 3 major cell types: the osteoblast, osteocyte, and osteoclast. The first type of bone formed developmentally is primary or woven bone (immature). This immature bone is later replaced by secondary or lamellar bone (mature).

What is the difference between osteocytes and osteoclasts?

Osteocytes are responsible for maintaining the bone mass while osteoblasts are responsible for the formation of new bones. On the other hand, osteoclasts are responsible for the resorption of the bone.

Which statement characterize central canals of Osteons?

it contains a central canal. it is also called a Haversian system. which statements characterize central canals of osteons? they contain osteocytes.