Which organelles are properly paired with their function?
Nucleus– directs cellular activities is a cell organelle which is correctly paired with its function.
Which of the cell structures are paired with their correct function?
Which cell structures are correctly paired with their functions? The mitochondria produce enzymes, and ribosomes transport them. The ribosomes make proteins, and the nucleus stores genetic information.
What is an organelle with its function?
An organelle is a subcellular structure that has one or more specific jobs to perform in the cell, much like an organ does in the body. Among the more important cell organelles are the nuclei, which store genetic information; mitochondria, which produce chemical energy; and ribosomes, which assemble proteins.
Which is an organelle that performs photosynthesis and is paired with its correct function?
In plants and algae, which developed much later, photosynthesis occurs in a specialized intracellular organelle—the chloroplast. Chloroplasts perform photosynthesis during the daylight hours. The immediate products of photosynthesis, NADPH and ATP, are used by the photosynthetic cells to produce many organic molecules.
What is a ribosomes function?
A ribosome is a cellular particle made of RNA and protein that serves as the site for protein synthesis in the cell. The ribosome reads the sequence of the messenger RNA (mRNA) and, using the genetic code, translates the sequence of RNA bases into a sequence of amino acids.
What is the main function of the Golgi complex?
A stack of small flat sacs formed by membranes inside the cell’s cytoplasm (gel-like fluid). The Golgi complex prepares proteins and lipid (fat) molecules for use in other places inside and outside the cell. The Golgi complex is a cell organelle. Also called Golgi apparatus and Golgi body.
Which of the following is the correct equation for photosynthesis?
The explanation: The correct equation is 6CO2 + 12H2O → C6H12O6 + 6H2O + 6O2. This occurs in the presence of sunlight. Six molecules of CO2 react with twelve molecules of H2O to produce one molecule glucose.
Which organelle is involved in photosynthesis list and describe the parts of this organelle?
In plants, photosynthesis takes place in chloroplasts, which contain the chlorophyll. Chloroplasts are surrounded by a double membrane and contain a third inner membrane, called the thylakoid membrane, that forms long folds within the organelle.
What is the Sun’s role in photosynthesis?
During photosynthesis, plants trap light energy with their leaves. Plants use the energy of the sun to change water and carbon dioxide into a sugar called glucose. Glucose is used by plants for energy and to make other substances like cellulose and starch. Cellulose is used in building cell walls.
Which chemical equation describes the photosynthesis properly quizlet?
The balanced equation for photosynthesis is: 6CO2 + 6H2O + sunlight energy = C6H12O6 + 6O2 Photosynthesis can be represented using a chemical equation: Carbon dioxide + water + light energy gives a carbohydrate + oxygen.
How are the processes of photosynthesis and respiration closely linked?
Photosynthesis converts carbon dioxide and water into oxygen and glucose. … Cellular respiration converts oxygen and glucose into water and carbon dioxide. Water and carbon dioxide are by- products and ATP is energy that is transformed from the process.
Which is the correct equation for cellular respiration?
The products of one process are the reactants of the other. Notice that the equation for cellular respiration is the direct opposite of photosynthesis: Cellular Respiration: C6H12O6 + 6O2 → 6CO2 + 6H2O. Photosynthesis: 6CO.
What molecule carries chemical energy that cells use for their functions?
Adenosine 5′-triphosphate, or ATP, is the most abundant energy carrier molecule in cells. This molecule is made of a nitrogen base (adenine), a ribose sugar, and three phosphate groups. The word adenosine refers to the adenine plus the ribose sugar.
What organelle present in eukaryotic photosynthetic organisms is the location of photosynthesis?
In all phototrophic eukaryotes, photosynthesis takes place inside a chloroplast, an organelle that arose in eukaryotes by endosymbiosis of a photosynthetic bacterium (see Unique Characteristics of Eukaryotic Cells). These chloroplasts are enclosed by a double membrane with inner and outer layers.
Which statement best describes what a Thylakoid does during photosynthesis?
Thylakoid enables the light-dependent reaction to occur during photosynthesis. Thylakoid is termed as a membrane-bonded compartment which is found inside of cyanobacteria and chloroplast. They are much known for light-dependent reaction.
Which directly provides the energy needed for cell functions?
The energy required for cellular activities is provided directly by molecules of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). ATP is made of one adenosine molecule and three phosphate groups, called Pi for short. Each molecule of ATP stores a small quantity of chemical energy.
Which of the following directly provides the energy needed for cell functions *?
|What reaction directly provides the energy needed for cell functions?||A phosphate group isremoved from ATP|
|Chemosynthesis is a process through which some organisms use energy from chemicals in their environment to build sugars in the absence of ________?||sunlight|
What is the name of the molecule that carries the energy released from the bonds of glucose?
adenosine triphosphate (ATP)
Energy contained in the bonds of glucose is released in small bursts, and some of it is captured in the form of adenosine triphosphate (ATP), a small molecule that powers reactions in the cell.
What is ADP molecule?
Adenosine diphosphate (ADP), also known as adenosine pyrophosphate (APP), is an important organic compound in metabolism and is essential to the flow of energy in living cells. … The diphosphate group of ADP is attached to the 5′ carbon of the sugar backbone, while the adenine attaches to the 1′ carbon.
Which molecule is ready for energy?
ATP (Adenosine tri-phosphate) is an important molecule found in all living things. Think of it as the “energy currency” of the cell. If a cell needs to spend energy to accomplish a task, the ATP molecule splits off one of its three phosphates, becoming ADP (Adenosine di-phosphate) + phosphate.