Which best describes a compound such as sodium chloride
What type of compound is sodium chloride?
Sodium chloride , commonly known as salt (although sea salt also contains other chemical salts), is an ionic compound with the chemical formula NaCl, representing a 1:1 ratio of sodium and chloride ions.
What compound category best describes sodium chloride?
Common salt (sodium chloride) is one of the best-known ionic compounds. Molecular compounds contain discrete molecules, which are held together by sharing electrons (covalent bonding).
What compound does sodium and chloride make?
Sodium and chlorine, two highly reactive elements, combine to form the stable compound sodium chloride (ordinary table salt).
Is sodium chloride an element or a compound?
Is sodium chloride a compound element or mixture?
Chemically, table salt consists of two elements, sodium (Na) and chloride (Cl). Neither element occurs separately and free in nature, but are found bound together as the compound sodium chloride.
Why sodium chloride is ionic compound?
Ionic compounds, such as sodium chloride (NaCl), are formed by a transfer of electrons that creates ions. Ions exert electrostatic force on each other, which forms ionic bonds. The hydrogen and oxygen atoms in a water molecule, however, are bonded by sharing electrons rather than by transferring them.
What type of reaction is sodium and chlorine?
When a sodium atom transfers an electron to a chlorine atom, forming a sodium cation (Na+) and a chloride anion (Cl–), both ions have complete valence shells, and are energetically more stable. The reaction is extremely exothermic, producing a bright yellow light and a great deal of heat energy.
Why NaCl is an ionic compound?
Sodium chloride (NaCl) is a typical ionic compound. … Sodium has 1 electron in its outermost shell, and chlorine has 7 electrons. It is easiest for sodium to lose its electron and form a +1 ion, and for chlorine to gain an electron, forming a -1 ion.
Is sodium chloride an ionic or molecular compound?
Is sodium chloride made of molecules?
Something like table salt (NaCl) is a compound because it is made from more than one kind of element (sodium and chlorine), but it is not a molecule because the bond that holds NaCl together is an ionic bond. If you like, you can say that sodium chloride is an ionic compound.
How do you tell if a chloride is ionic or covalent?
Why is sodium chloride a covalent compound?
Covalent bonds occur when sharing of electrons exist between the atoms but in the case of the NaCl compound, the sodium atom completely transfers the electron to the chlorine atom, hence, there is no sharing between sodium and chlorine atom exist.
Is sodium chloride a covalent compound?
Sodium Chloride (NaCl) is a pure ionic compound and not a covalent compound. The two atoms transfer their electrons to form ions, Na+ and Cl-.
Which type of element is sodium?
sodium (Na), chemical element of the alkali metal group (Group 1 [Ia]) of the periodic table. Sodium is a very soft silvery-white metal.
|melting point||97.81 °C (208 °F)|
|boiling point||882.9 °C (1,621 °F)|
|specific gravity||0.971 (20 °C)|
Is mgso4 a covalent compound?
Magnesium sulfate is an ionic compound as there is a bond between a metal and a non-metal.
What is covalent chloride?
In covalent chlorides, the chlorine atom (or atoms) is covalently bonded by a shared pair of electrons to the other element. Period 3 chlorides are studied as they exemplify the range of chloride types found throughout the periodic table.
Is sodium chloride an ionic compound or a covalent compound what happens to the atoms in NaCl when the compound is dissolved in water?
The bonds in salt compounds are called ionic because they both have an electrical charge—the chloride ion is negatively charged and the sodium ion is positively charged. … When salt is mixed with water, the salt dissolves because the covalent bonds of water are stronger than the ionic bonds in the salt molecules.
Why is mgso4 an ionic compound?
An ionic bond is formed between the magnesium cation and the sulfate anion in magnesium sulfate. In the sulfate anion, there exist two sulphur-oxygen double bonds and two sulphur-oxygen single bonds. The oxygen atoms that are singly bonded to the sulphur atom each hold a negative charge of magnitude -1.
Is mgso4 a ionic compound?
Why is mgso4 ionic and covalent?
Is magnesium sulfate ionic or covalent? – Quora. It dissociates into sulfate and magnesium ions when dissolved in water, and thus is ionic. But the sulfur-oxygen bonds in the sulfate do not dissociate and thus are covalent, although strongly polar.