Which form of meningitis is the deadliest?

There are three basic kinds of meningitis: viral, bacterial, and fungal. Of these three, viral meningitis is the most common, but bacterial is the most dangerous.

Which is deadlier viral or bacterial meningitis?

Viral meningitis is the more common and less serious form — it usually clears up on its own in seven to 10 days. Bacterial meningitis is much more dangerous and can be fatal if not treated quickly with antibiotics. Most cases are caused by three different types of bacteria.

Which is worse bacterial or viral meningitis and should you be worried?

Initial symptoms of viral meningitis are similar to those for bacterial meningitis. However, bacterial meningitis is usually severe and can cause serious complications, such as brain damage, hearing loss, or learning disabilities.

Why is bacterial meningitis so serious?

Bacterial meningitis can be life threatening. The infection can cause the tissues around the brain to swell. This in turn interferes with blood flow and can result in paralysis or even stroke.

Is bacterial infection worse than viral?

While bacteria and viruses can both cause mild to serious infections, they are different from each other. This is important to understand, because bacterial and viral infections must be treated differently. Misusing antibiotics to treat viral infections contributes to the problem of antibiotic resistance.

Can viral meningitis damage brain?

In extreme cases, these can cause brain damage, stroke, or even death. Inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord, is called meningitis; inflammation of the brain itself is called encephalitis. Myelitis refers to inflammation of the spinal cord.

What is the survival rate of bacterial meningitis?

Prognosis of meningitis depends on the cause. Untreated bacterial meningitis has a very high death rate. Even with appropriate treatment, the death rate from bacterial meningitis is about 15-20%, with a higher death rate associated with increasing age.

Can you fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

Bacterial meningitis often requires hospitalization and treatment with antibiotics for one to two weeks. Although this infection is very serious, many patients can make a full recovery if it’s treated right away.

How does someone get bacterial meningitis?

Common bacteria or viruses that can cause meningitis can spread through coughing, sneezing, kissing, or sharing eating utensils, a toothbrush or a cigarette. These steps can help prevent meningitis: Wash your hands. Careful hand-washing helps prevent the spread of germs.

How many people have died from spinal meningitis?

Apart from epidemics, at least 1.2 million cases of bacterial meningitis are estimated to occur every year; 135,000 of them are fatal. Approximately 500,000 of these cases and 50,000 of the deaths are due to meningococci.

How rare is bacterial meningitis?

How common is bacterial meningitis? Approximately 3,000 people in the United States — or one in 100,000 — are diagnosed with bacterial meningitis each year, most of them infants, children, college students and the elderly. Incidences of bacterial meningitis usually peak in the winter or early spring.

How long does it take to fully recover from bacterial meningitis?

Most people feel better within 7 to 10 days. In the meantime, it can help to: get plenty of rest. take painkillers for a headache or general aches.

Is viral meningitis fatal?

Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis, and is mainly caused by a group of viruses known as enteroviruses. While viral meningitis produces the same symptoms as meningitis caused by bacteria and fungi, it is rarely fatal.

What is the survival rate of viral meningitis?

It is now endemic in North America and carries a 4 to 13% fatality rate. Mortality is higher in patients who are elderly, immunosuppressed, or have diabetes.

Can you survive viral meningitis?

Viral meningitis will usually get better on its own and rarely causes any long-term problems. Most people with bacterial meningitis who are treated quickly will also make a full recovery, although some are left with serious long-term problems.

Are there long term effects of viral meningitis?

Most people who contract viral meningitis make a full recovery and experience no long-term health effects. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial in preventing serious meningitis complications.

How do you get viral meningitis?

You can get viral meningitis by breathing in viral particles that have been sneezed or coughed into the air by another infected person. You can also become infected by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus, or through contact with faeces (for example, by changing nappies).

Can viral meningitis come back?

It is very unusual for anyone to have meningitis more than once, but it is possible. Most people some develop immunity to the organism that has caused their disease. However, there are several different causes of meningitis and therefore it is possible, but rare, to have the disease more than once.

What are the complications of viral meningitis?

Main complications

hearing loss, which may be partial or total – people who have had meningitis will usually have a hearing test after a few weeks to check for any problems. recurrent seizures (epilepsy) problems with memory and concentration. co-ordination, movement and balance problems.

Does meningitis weaken the immune system?

Without that receptor, the body would struggle to detect and fight other infections later on. These studies show that meningitis can permanently affect the body’s immune system. We now know that even beyond immediate life-threatening problems, meningitis can cause other issues down the road.

What are the 3 types of meningitis?

Types of meningitis
  • Viral meningitis. Viral meningitis is the most common type of meningitis. …
  • Bacterial meningitis. Bacterial meningitis is contagious and caused by infection from certain bacteria. …
  • Fungal meningitis. Fungal meningitis is a rare type of meningitis. …
  • Parasitic meningitis. …
  • Non-infectious meningitis.

Can a person get viral meningitis more than once?

The infection can also be spread by someone with meningitis, although this is less common. It’s possible to get meningitis more than once.

How contagious is viral meningitis in adults?

Is a person with viral meningitis contagious? Some of the enteroviruses that cause viral meningitis are contagious while others, such as mosquito-borne viruses, cannot be spread from person to person. Fortunately, most people exposed to these viruses experience mild or no symptoms.