What absorbs the most incoming solar radiation?

The surface of the Earth absorbs 51 percent of the insolation. Water vapor and dust account for 16 percent of the energy absorbed. The other 3 percent is absorbed by clouds.

What type of surface absorbs most of its solar radiation?

Every surface on earth absorbs and reflects energy at varying degrees, based on its color and texture. Dark-colored objects absorb more visible radiation; light-colored objects reflect more visible radiation. Shiny or smooth objects reflect more, while dull or rough objects absorb more.

Which region of the Earth absorbs the most solar radiation?

The equator receives the most solar radiation in a year.

Do greenhouse gases absorb incoming solar radiation?

Greenhouse Gases. … These gases are transparent to incoming solar radiation. They are also transparent to outgoing infrared radiation, which means that they do not absorb or emit solar or infrared radiation. However, there are other gases in Earth’s atmosphere that do absorb infrared radiation.

What is the incoming solar radiation?

INCOMING SOLAR RADIATION

Incoming ultraviolet, visible, and a limited portion of infrared energy (together sometimes called “shortwave radiation”) from the Sun drive the Earth’s climate system. … The heat generated by this absorption is emitted as longwave infrared radiation, some of which radiates out into space.

What happens to most of the incoming solar energy on Earth?

About 23 percent of incoming solar energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by water vapor, dust, and ozone, and 48 percent passes through the atmosphere and is absorbed by the surface. Thus, about 71 percent of the total incoming solar energy is absorbed by the Earth system.

How much of the incoming solar radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and clouds?

Of the 340 watts per square meter of solar energy that falls on the Earth, 29% is reflected back into space, primarily by clouds, but also by other bright surfaces and the atmosphere itself. About 23% of incoming energy is absorbed in the atmosphere by atmospheric gases, dust, and other particles.

When incoming solar radiation passes through the atmosphere of the Earth Mcq?

Incoming insolation in short waves and terrestrial radiation in long waves helps to maintain the heat budget on the surface of the earth. The insolation received by the earth is in short waves forms and heats up its surface. This energy heats up the atmosphere from below. This process is known as terrestrial radiation.

What happens to incoming solar radiation quizlet?

Less than one-quarter of incoming solar radiation is absorbed directly by the atmosphere. Nearly half of incoming radiation simply transmits through the atmosphere to Earth’s surface, where it is absorbed, warming the surface.

What happens to most of the incoming solar energy on Earth quizlet?

Terms in this set (8)

Most incoming solar energy is absorbed by Earth’s land and water surfaces.

What happens to most solar radiation when it reaches the surface of the Earth quizlet?

What happens to solar radiation after it reaches Earth? … – Nearly 70% of solar radiation is absorbed by the earth’s atmosphere and oceans, and the rest is reflected back into space. The absorbed radiation is re-emitted as infrared radiation.

Which of the following absorbs most incoming solar radiation quizlet?

Most incoming solar energy is absorbed by Earth’s land and water surfaces.

How is incoming solar radiation distributed quizlet?

About thirty percent of incoming solar radiation is directly reflected by Earth’s albedo. About 1/2 of the solar radiation available at the top of the atmosphere actually reaches the Earth’s surface. … Longwave radiation is absorbed by the clouds which then re-radiate the energy back to the surface.

How does the angle of incoming solar radiation affect the distribution of energy on Earth quizlet?

The angle at which the Sun’s rays strike the Earth changes from the equator toward the poles. The result is that incoming solar radiation decreases with latitude. More solar radiation is received in the tropics than at the poles, resulting in an equator-to-pole temperature gradient.

How much of the incoming solar radiation is absorbed by the atmosphere and clouds quizlet?

20% is absorbed by gases and particles in the atmosphere. 25% on incoming sunlight is reflected by clouds, dust, and gases in the air. 5% is reflected by the surface back into the atmosphere.

What are the three paths taken by incoming solar radiation what might cause variations?

What are the three paths taken by incoming solar radiation? What might cause variations? Fifty percent is absorbed at Earth’s surface, 20 percent of the energy is absorbed by clouds and certain atmospheric gases, and 30 percent of the energy is reflected back to space.

What is a front quizlet?

Front. the boundary between two air masses with different temperatures and densities. -the air masses meet, but do NOT mix. -weather occurs along this boundary.

What percentage of incoming solar radiation is absorbed at the Earth’s surface quizlet?

How much of the sun’s incoming energy is reflected back out to space? About one-third of the sun’s incoming energy is reflected back out to space. How much of the energy striking Earth is absorbed by Earth’s surface? About one-half of the energy striking Earth is absorbed by Earth’s surface.

What percentage of incoming sunlight is absorbed by Earth’s land and water?

~50% of the incoming energy is absorbed by the earth’s surface i.e. the land and oceans. ~30% is directly reflected back to space by clouds, the earth’s surface and different gases and particles in the atmosphere (the earth’s albedo is 0.3 on average).

What percentage of incoming solar radiation reaches Earth’s surface quizlet?

About thirty percent of incoming solar radiation is directly reflected by Earth’s albedo. About one half of the solar radiation available at the top of the atmosphere actually reaches the Earth’s surface (about 45%).

What percentage of incoming solar radiation is reflected and scattered back to space quizlet?

The image below shows that about 30 percent of the Sun’s energy is reflected and scattered back into space. How would a 50 percent increase in Earth’s albedo impact average surface temperatures? Ice sheets would advance, thereby increasing Earth’s overall albedo and further cooling Earth’s surface.