What was used against the unions?

Strike breaking and union busting, 1870s–1935. … However, many attacks against unions have used force of one sort or another, including police action, military force, or recruiting goon squads.

How was the Sherman Antitrust Act used against labor unions?

The first major piece of legislation that affected labor unions was the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890. The law forbade any “restraint of commerce” across state lines, and courts ruled that union strikes and boycotts were covered by the law.

What were two issues that labor unions fought against?

For those in the industrial sector, organized labor unions fought for better wages, reasonable hours and safer working conditions. The labor movement led efforts to stop child labor, give health benefits and provide aid to workers who were injured or retired.

What methods were used by labor unions?

Two of the most powerful tools that unions have to promote their members’ interests are collective bargaining and strikes. Fair labor practices were written into law in 1935 with the passing of the National Labor Relations Act, often called the NLRA.

What does the Sherman Act prohibit?

The Sherman Act outlaws “every contract, combination, or conspiracy in restraint of trade,” and any “monopolization, attempted monopolization, or conspiracy or combination to monopolize.” Long ago, the Supreme Court decided that the Sherman Act does not prohibit every restraint of trade, only those that are …

What is the Sherman Antitrust Act quizlet?

-Passed in 1890, the Sherman Antitrust Act was the first major legislation passed to address oppressive business practices associated with cartels and oppressive monopolies. The Sherman Antitrust Act is a federal law prohibiting any contract, trust, or conspiracy in restraint of interstate or foreign trade.

What did Clayton Antitrust Act do?

The newly created Federal Trade Commission enforced the Clayton Antitrust Act and prevented unfair methods of competition. Aside from banning the practices of price discrimination and anti-competitive mergers, the new law also declared strikes, boycotts, and labor unions legal under federal law.

What is the Clayton Act quizlet?

Clayton Act. Federal antitrust law that strengthened the Sherman Act by making it illegal for firms to tk engage in tying contracts, interlocking directorates, and certain forms of price discrimination.

What was the Pendleton Act quizlet?

The Pendleton Act of 1883 was the federal legislation that created a system in which federal employees were chosen based upon competitive exams. This made job positions based on merit or ability and not inheritance or class. It also created the Civil Service Commission.

What violates the Clayton Act?

Prohibited Actions under the Clayton Act

Exclusive Dealings: requiring a buyer or seller to do buy or sell all or most of a certain product from a single supplier such that competitors are unable to compete in the market. Price Discrimination: selling similar goods to buyers at different prices.

Who does the Clayton Act protect?

The act also protects individuals by allowing lawsuits against companies and upholding the rights of labor to organize and protest peacefully. There have been several amendments to the act, expanding its provisions.

Who wrote the Clayton Act?

Henry De Lamar Clayton
It was drafted by Henry De Lamar Clayton. The act prohibited exclusive sales contracts, local price cutting to freeze out competitors, rebates, interlocking directorates in corporations capitalized at $1 million or more in the same field of business, and intercorporate stock holdings.

What are the penalties for violating the Clayton Act?

Individuals may be required to pay up to $350,000 or have to spend up to three years in prison. Corporations can be forced to pay up to $10,000,000. Since the Clayton Act and the Federal Trade Commission Act are civil statutes, those convicted of violating these laws do not receive prison time.

Which of the following does Clayton Act impose for violations of its provisions?

As such, the Clayton Act prohibits companies from preventing activities of labor unions such as strikes, boycotts, collective bargaining, and compensation disputes.

What are four provisions of the Clayton Antitrust Act?

The principal provisions of the Clayton Act, which is far more detailed than the Sherman Act, the law it was meant to supplement, include (1) a prohibition on anticompetitive price discrimination; (2) a prohibition against certain tying and exclusive dealing practices; (3) an expanded power of private parties to sue

Does the FTC prevent monopolies?

The antitrust laws prohibit conduct by a single firm that unreasonably restrains competition by creating or maintaining monopoly power.

Does the Clayton Act impose cease and desist orders?

Congress, in amend- ing the Clayton Act to make orders thereunder final and enforceable in the same manner as the cease and desist orders under the Federal Trade Commission Act,8 repealed the provision authorizing the court of appeals to enforce such orders.

What was a consequence of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act?

What was a consequence of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act? Corporations could be broken up. Which statement best describes the consequences of violating the Sherman Antitrust Act? Corporations that violated the law could be fined, sued, or broken up.