Which of these is ATP the structure of ATP?

The structure of ATP is a nucleoside triphosphate, consisting of a nitrogenous base (adenine), a ribose sugar, and three serially bonded phosphate groups. ATP is commonly referred to as the “energy currency” of the cell, as it provides readily releasable energy in the bond between the second and third phosphate groups.

What type of reaction breaks the bonds that join the phosphate groups in ATP molecule?

hydrolysis reaction
The type of reaction that breaks the bond that join the phosphate group in an ATP molecule is known as a hydrolysis reaction.

How is ATP made quizlet?

An ATP-generating process that occurs within the cells by breaking down glucose through a 3-step process. Monosaccharides enter the cytoplasm. 2ATP are added. Enzymes then catalyze a reaction causing the monosaccharide molecule to lose some hydrogen atoms and form 2 NADH, 4 ATP and two molecules of pyruvic acid.

What are the components of a molecule of ATP mastering biology?

It has 3 phosphate groups, a ribose molecule, and an adenine molecule.

Which bond of the ATP molecule is broken in order to release energy?

The two bonds between the phosphates are equal high-energy bonds (phosphoanhydride bonds) that, when broken, release sufficient energy to power a variety of cellular reactions and processes.

How is ATP converted to energy?

ATP is a nucleotide consisting of an adenine base attached to a ribose sugar, which is attached to three phosphate groups. … When one phosphate group is removed by breaking a phosphoanhydride bond in a process called hydrolysis, energy is released, and ATP is converted to adenosine diphosphate (ADP).

Which part of the cell makes adenosine triphosphate?

ATP synthesized in mitochondria is the primary energy source for important biological functions, such as muscle contraction, nerve impulse transmission, and protein synthesis.

Which part of the adenosine triphosphate molecule is released?

Which part of the adenosine triphosphate molecule is released when it is hydrolyzed to provide energy for biological reactions? The γ-phosphate is the primary phosphate group on the ATP molecule that is hydrolyzed when energy is needed to drive protein reactions.

Is a molecule of ATP kinetic energy?

Energy can change forms in a similar way in living organisms. For instance, energy stored in bonds of the small molecule ATP (potential energy) can power the movement of a motor protein and its cargo along a microtubule track, or the contraction of muscle cells to move a limb (kinetic energy).

What are examples of ATP?

Other Uses of ATP

For example, both breathing and maintaining your heartbeat require ATP. In addition, ATP helps to synthesize fats, nerve impulses, as well as move certain molecules into or out of cells. Some organisms, such as bioluminescent jellyfish and fireflies, even use ATP to produce light!

How is ATP made in the mitochondria?

Most of the adenosine triphosphate (ATP) synthesized during glucose metabolism is produced in the mitochondria through oxidative phosphorylation. This is a complex reaction powered by the proton gradient across the mitochondrial inner membrane, which is generated by mitochondrial respiration.

What is the meaning of adenosine triphosphate?

What are the 3 parts of ATP?

ATP is a nucleotide that consists of three main structures: the nitrogenous base, adenine; the sugar, ribose; and a chain of three phosphate groups bound to ribose.

What are the different names of ATP?


Other molecules are related to ATP and have similar names, such as adenosine diphosphate (ADP), adenosine monophosphate (AMP), and cyclic AMP (cAMP).

What is ATP biology quizlet?

ATP is a. Energy storing molecule, a ribose sugar, and three phosphate groups; energy is stored on the molecule’s chemical bonds and can be used quickly and easily by cells. The process plants use to trap and make energy from sunlight is called.

What type of macromolecule is ATP?

nucleic acids
Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) belongs to the biomolecule class of nucleic acids.

What are the 5 components of ATP?

Describe the components, organization, and functions of an electron transport system. ATP is composed of ribose, a five-carbon sugar, three phosphate groups, and adenine , a nitrogen-containing compound (also known as a nitrogenous base).

Which of the following are true about ATP?

The true statement about ATP is: ATP consists of ribose, adenine, and three phosphate groups.