What are the characteristics of the bones?

They are lightweight yet strong and hard, and serve multiple functions. Bone tissue (osseous tissue) is hard tissue, a type of specialized connective tissue. It has a honeycomb-like matrix internally, which helps to give the bone rigidity. Bone tissue is made up of different types of bone cells.

Which of the following is a characteristic of a short bone?

Short bones are shaped roughly as a cube and contain mostly spongy bone. The outside surface is comprised of a thin layer of compact bone. Short bones are located in the hands and feet. The patella (kneecap) is also considered a short bone.

Which of the following is a characteristic of long bone?

Long bones are hard, dense bones that provide strength, structure, and mobility. … A long bone has a shaft and two ends. Some bones in the fingers are classified as long bones, even though they are short in length. This is due to the shape of the bones, not their size.

What are the 4 things that bones are made of?

Made mostly of collagen, bone is living, growing tissue. Collagen is a protein that provides a soft framework, and calcium phosphate is a mineral that adds strength and hardens the framework. This combination of collagen and calcium makes bone strong and flexible enough to withstand stress.

Which of the following is a characteristic of sesamoid bone?

A sesamoid bone is a small, round bone that, as the name suggests, is shaped like a sesame seed. These bones form in tendons (the sheaths of tissue that connect bones to muscles) where a great deal of pressure is generated in a joint. The sesamoid bones protect tendons by helping them overcome compressive forces.

Which of the following is a characteristic of sesamoid bones quizlet?

Which of the following is a characteristic of sesamoid bones? They form in tendons.

What are the 4 main types of bones?

There are four different types of bone in the human body:
  • Long bone – has a long, thin shape. …
  • Short bone – has a squat, cubed shape. …
  • Flat bone – has a flattened, broad surface. …
  • Irregular bone – has a shape that does not conform to the above three types.

What is composition of bone?

Bone itself consists mainly of collagen fibres and an inorganic bone mineral in the form of small crystals. Most of the rest is collagen, but bone also contains a small amount of other substances such as proteins and inorganic salts. … Collagen is the main fibrous protein in the body.

What is inside of a bone?

The inside of your bones are filled with a soft tissue called marrow. There are two types of bone marrow: red and yellow. Red bone marrow is where all new red blood cells, white blood cells, and platelets are made. Platelets are small pieces of cells that help you stop bleeding when you get a cut.

What are the 5 bone types?

There are five types of bones in the skeleton: flat, long, short, irregular, and sesamoid. Let’s go through each type and see examples.

What are bones?

Bone is living tissue that makes up the body’s skeleton. There are 3 types of bone tissue, including the following: Compact tissue. The harder, outer tissue of bones. Cancellous tissue.

What is bone and its types?

The four principal types of bones are long, short, flat and irregular. Bones that are longer than they are wide are called long bones. … They are primarily compact bone but may have a large amount of spongy bone at the ends or extremities. Long bones include bones of the thigh, leg, arm, and forearm.

What are the 6 functions of bone?

Functions. The skeleton serves six major functions: support, movement, protection, production of blood cells, storage of minerals and endocrine regulation.

How do we classify bones?

Bones can be classified according to their shapes. Long bones, such as the femur, are longer than they are wide. Short bones, such as the carpals, are approximately equal in length, width, and thickness. Flat bones are thin, but are often curved, such as the ribs.

What are the 3 major functions of bone give examples of where we would see each?

What are the three main functions of the skeletal system?
  • Mechanical. Support. Bones provide a framework for the attachment of muscles and other tissues. …
  • Protective. Bones such as the skull and rib cage protect vital organs from injury. Bones also protect the marrow.
  • Metabolic. Mineral storage.

What are the 5 main functions of bones?

It gives the body its shape, allows movement, makes blood cells, provides protection for organs and stores minerals.

What are the 7 functions of bones?

Terms in this set (7)
  • Support. Bones provide a framework that supports the body and cradles its soft organs.
  • Protection. The fused bones of the skill protect the brain. …
  • Anchorage. …
  • Mineral and Growth factor storage. …
  • Blood Cell Formation. …
  • Triglyceride (Fat) storage. …
  • Hormone production.

What are bones list their functions?

Bones have many functions. They support the body structurally, protect our vital organs, and allow us to move. Also, they provide an environment for bone marrow, where the blood cells are created, and they act as a storage area for minerals, particularly calcium.

What are the 3 major functions of bone quizlet?

Terms in this set (22)
  • support and protect.
  • Body movement.
  • blood cell formation.
  • storage of inorganic salts.

What are the 5 functions of bones quizlet?

Terms in this set (5)
  • support. body’s framework to support organs & muscle as well ad serve as an attachment site for muscles.
  • protection. bony cavities around organs, protects heart and lungs, the canal cavity protects the brain.
  • movement. …
  • hematopoiesis. …
  • mineral storage and homeostasis.

What is the function of bones and joints?

Joints connect bones. They provide stability to the skeleton, and allow movement.

What are functions of bones quizlet?

Bones serve as a framework to which the other organs and tissues of the body are attached. The second primary function of the bones is protection. Bones act as an armor of sorts. In this case, the armor is covered with a layer of skin and muscle, but certain bones are protective nonetheless.