What are 3 CNS stimulants?

Three major types of CNS stimulant are currently abused in sport: amphetamine, cocaine and caffeine. Each medicine type has its own characteristic mechanism of action on CNS neurones and their associated receptors and nerve terminals.

Which of the following drugs is a powerful CNS stimulant?

Cocaine is a strong CNS stimulant and is probably the most addictive agent known.

What are examples of CNS drugs?

What are prescription CNS depressants?
  • diazepam (Valium®)
  • clonazepam (Klonopin®)
  • alprazolam (Xanax®)
  • triazolam (Halcion®)
  • estazolam (Prosom®)

What are CNS stimulants classification?

The CNS stimulants can be classified as analeptic stimulants, psychomotor stimulants, or methylxanthines. Doxapram activates peripheral chemoreceptors and central respiratory centres in a dose-dependent manner. Psychomotor stimulants (e.g. cocaine and amfetamines) increase sympathetic nervous system activity.

What are examples of CNS depressants?

Examples of CNS depressants are benzodiazepines, barbiturates, and certain sleep medicines. CNS depressants are sometimes called sedatives or tranquilizers. Also called central nervous system depressant.

What are CNS active drugs?

CNS-active medications (e.g., benzodiazepines, opioids, tricyclic antidepressants, traditional antipsychotics) are commonly prescribed to older adults and represent a frequent cause of adverse medication effects, including problems with mobility, falls, and cognition in older patients.

What is a neuro stimulant?

CNS stimulants (CNS stands for central nervous system) are medicines that stimulate the brain, speeding up both mental and physical processes. They increase energy, improve attention and alertness, and elevate blood pressure, heart rate and respiratory rate.

Is coffee a CNS stimulant?

Caffeine is the most widely consumed central-nervous-system stimulant. Three main mechanisms of action of caffeine on the central nervous system have been described. Mobilization of intracellular calcium and inhibition of specific phosphodiesterases only occur at high non-physiological concentrations of caffeine.

What stimulants do?

Prescription stimulants increase the activity of the brain chemicals dopamine and norepinephrine. Prescription stimulants increase alertness, attention, and energy. Their misuse, including overdose, can also lead to psychosis, anger, paranoia, heart, nerve, and stomach problems.